Under Shariah Islamic law, making money from money, such as charging interest, is usury and therefore not permitted. Wealth should be generated only through legitimate trade and investment in assets. But investment in companies involved with alcohol, gambling, tobacco and pornography is strictly off limits.
The overarching principle of Islamic finance is that all forms of interest are forbidden. The Islamic financial model works on the basis of risk sharing. The customer and the bank share the risk of any investment on agreed terms, and divide any profits between them.
The main categories within Islamic finance are: Ijara, Ijara-wa-iqtina, Mudaraba, Murabaha and Musharaka.
"At the heart of the great religions, including Islam, are the common themes of helping the less fortunate, being responsible stewards of the natural world, and demonstrating values in our daily work. I am encouraged to think that these ideals can permeate Islamic banking at its best".
Speech made by The Prince of Wales at the Islamic Financial Services Industry and Global Regulatory Environment Summit, London, 19th May 2004 - 'Multi racial Society'
Mohammed Amin of Price Waterhouse Coopers, has recorded a pod cast on Islamic Finance; Mohamed gave a talk in London last year regarding its taxation (August 2006). To share this with readers, he has recorded the presentation in audio format.
> Click here to download this audio broadcast.
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